Swapan Kumar Patra* and Mammo Muchie**
Economic success of a nation is highly related to Scientific and technological capability building. Therefore, both industrially developed and developing nations follow explicit strategies to increase their technological competency. However, technological capability building cannot be completed in isolation. It is a long term process and requires a country to pass through different phases of learning, infrastructure development, human resources management, and institutions building. This paper analyses Indian and South African scientific and technological capability through the major input (R&D expenditure, manpower) and output indicators (Technology balance of payment, scholarly publication, patents and so on). To measure the technological capability of these two emerging economics, this study uses World Bank data for R&D expenditure and R&D manpower, scientific publication data from Scopus database and patents granted in United States Patent and Trademark office (USPTO) database. The study observed that in India is ahead of South Africa in some respect but in some areas South Africa’s performance is quite good. The study concludes with the policy recommendation from the developing countries’ particularly the South African perspective which includes the technological learning through the increasing collaboration between foreign firms and the local firms or institutions.
Keywords: Technological Capability, Scientometrics, Bibliometrics, Patents, India, South Africa
* Swapan Kumar Patra: Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa email:
** Mammo Muchie: DST/NRF Research Professor, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa, ASTU, Ethiopia and TMDC, Oxford University, UK. Contact:
Innovation Research for Integrated African Development: Colloquium for Journal and Book Publication, (9th -11th March 2016) Tshwane, Pretoria, South Africa (paper is under review for the forthcoming book chapter)